Life Issues / Family Ethics Political Action Committee of Southwest Washington

The Common Good
and Institutional Failure
 
Aristotle, Politics, Bk 3 - The conclusion is evident: that governments which have a regard to the common interest [ie: Common Good] are constituted in accordance with strict principles of justice [ie: Rule of Law, Natural Law], and are therefore true forms; but those which regard only the interest of the rulers are all defective and perverted forms, for they are despotic, whereas a state is a community of freemen.

Standford.edu Encyclopedia Britannica Catholic Compendium (Par 164+)
  Wikipedia Catholic Catechism

 

The Common Good | Compassionate San Antonio

Plato, The Republic, Bk 4:

"... our aim in founding the State was not the disproportionate happiness of any one class, but the greatest happiness of the whole; we thought that in a State which is ordered with a view to the good of the whole we should be most likely to find Justice, and in the ill-ordered State injustice: and, having found them, we might then decide which of the two is the happier."

Aristotle Quotes

Aristotle: “To secure the good of one person only is better than nothing; but to secure the good of a nation or a state is a nobler and more divine achievement. ” (Nicomachaean Ethics, 1094b)

James Madison on The Common Good and Institutional Corruption:
The Federalist Papers, Essay No. 10

"The two great points of difference between a democracy and a republic, are first, the delegation of the government, in the latter, to a small number of citizens elected by the rest; secondly, the greater number of citizens, and greater sphere of country, over which the latter may be extended.  The effect of the first difference is, on the one hand, to refine and enlarge the public views, by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of citizens, whose wisdom may best discern the true interest of their country, and whose patriotism and love of justice, will be least likely to sacrifice it to temporary or partial considerations. Under such a regulation, it may well happen that the public voice pronounced by the representatives of the people, will be more consonant to the public good, than if pronounced by the people themselves convened for the purpose. On the other hand, the effect may be inverted. Men of factious tempers, of local prejudices, or of sinister designs, may by intrigue, by corruption, or by other means, first obtain the suffrages, and then betray the interests of the people."

“The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man ... human passions have, in turn, divided mankind into parties, inflamed them with mutual animosity, and rendered them much more disposed to vex and oppress each other than to co-operate for their common good.”

Madison Quotes


Catholic Social Teaching Quotes:

It is out of love for one's own good and for that of others that people come together in stable groups with the purpose of attaining a common good.  (Par 150)

The common good indicates “the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily. (Par 164)

The responsibility for attaining the common good, besides falling to individual persons, belongs also to the State, since the common good is the reason that the political authority exists. (Par 168)

God is the ultimate end of his creatures and for no reason may the common good be deprived of its transcendent dimension, which moves beyond the historical dimension while at the same time fulfilling it.  (Par 170)




Common Good Conservatism In Action
by Terry Schilling, 2 . 17 . 20


Over the past year, conservatism has changed. At least, the way conservative intellectuals and some politicians talk has changed. Many now speak of orienting our society toward the common good, and about using government power to pursue that good. But has anything really changed within the Republican party? Politics and policy often run a course independent of philosophical debate. Are policymakers ready to go on offense and commit to a different strategy for combating transgender ideology and the gay agenda? The answer seems to be yes ...

And as usual, those at the grassroots level are leading the way. The conservative establishment in Washington would be wise to follow suit—because if conservatism is to survive as a movement, embracing the “common good” is the only path forward.


Terry Schilling Family Values Podcast, 3/22/21

American Principles Project


Thomas Aquinas

What Is Politics About Anyway? Thomas Aquinas on the Common Good
Fr. Aquinas Guilbeau, O.P., May 3, 2020
YouTube Video, Lecture length 49:00

Aquinas on the Common Good
Philosophy Explained, 8/2018
YouTube Video,



Millennials & The Parallel Polis
The American Conservative, Feb 27, 2018
This article is about reestablishing The Common Good, and wresting control of society from the corrupting technology oligarchy.

"The Parallel Polis is not about building a gated community for Christians but rather about establishing (or re-establishing) common practices and common institutions that can reverse the isolation and fragmentation of contemporary society."

Vaclav Benda, Man Of Conscience
The American Conservative, Mar 6, 2018

Cancel Culture is AWAKENING a Conservative Parallel Society!!!
 YouTube, Dr. Steve Turley, Feb 19, 2021



Harvard Law School Conference
Christianity and the Common Good
October 19 & 20, 2018
Presentations:


From the Common Good to Public Order (and Back)
Prof. Gladden Pappin (University of Dallas)

Faith, Natural Law And The Common Good
Prof. J. Budziszewski (University of Texas, Austin)

Defending the Common Good: Mercy and Punishment, from Stoicism to Christianity
Prof. Sarah Byers (Boston College)

Shakespeare, the Book of Sir Thomas More, and the Common Good
Prof. Gerard Wegemer (University of Dallas)



What is the Common Good? A Conversation with Adrian Vermeule
University of Oxford, School of Law, The Aquinas Institute and The Common Good Project
YouTube Video, 60 minutes



The Common Good is not the same as "The Greater Good" of hedonistic Utilitarianism

From The Century Dictionary: Utilitarianism - The doctrine that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should be the sole aim of all public action, together with the hedonistic theory of ethics, upon which this doctrine rests.  From Wiktionary: Utilitarianism - The theory that action should be directed toward achieving the "greatest happiness for the greatest number of people" (hedonistic universalism), or one of various related theories.



Full article available for free on JSTOR for registered users.  A well regarded article from 1980 ...



The Baby and the Bathwater
Ryan T. Anderson & Robert P. George
National Affairs, Fall 2019

"Debates about political ideals and institutions are now too often framed as presenting two extreme and unappealing options. On the one hand is a radical commitment to foundational, philosophical liberalism of a Lockean-Rawlsian sort, with all that that presupposes and entails for philosophical anthropology, official "neutrality" about the good, the sidelining of religion, and the exclusion of religious arguments from public debate. On the other hand is illiberalism, where liberty itself is devalued even as an instrumental good or a condition for the realization of human goods by free choice and action. According to this view, civil liberties such as freedoms of speech and religion ought to be extensively pared back on the ground that "error has no rights," and political authority should be subordinated in a more or less comprehensive way to spiritual authority. "




Democracy, “The Problem of Minorities,” and the Theology of the Common Good
FULLER MAGAZINE: ISSUE 18, 2020

"Although there are various interpretations of the meaning of the common good, Catholic social teaching highlights the following principles: rejection of the extremes of individualism and collectivism (or liberal democracy and social democracy); an emphasis on freedom, equality, and the participation of persons in society as well as the incorporation of human rights; a challenge to the utilitarian approach of a majoritarian view; a vision for a politics of consensus to reach a maximum agreement toward the advantage of all, such as the case of the rule of law; and a requirement that the parties pursue commonality and relationship."